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  • Kupisch, Tanja; Lloyd-Smith, Anika; Bergmann, Fabian; Yasar, Rusen (2023): Language Matters : Inequality amongst the Sámi Minority in Norway & Sweden In_equality magazine : Research Magazine of the Cluster of Excellence “The Politics of Inequality” at the University of Konstanz. University of Konstanz. 2023, 5, pp. 12-17. ISSN 2748-5404. eISSN 2748-5420

    Project : “Ethnic policies” – remedy for between-group inequalities?

    Language Matters : Inequality amongst the Sámi Minority in Norway & Sweden

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    Members of the Sámi minorities in Norway and Sweden who identify with their native culture experience discrimination, especially when they use the Sámi language in public. While this is true in both countries, a comparison shows that specific minority policies affect the level of inequality. Spending more on the enhancement of Sámi language and culture—as Norway does—leads to a higher level of (self)esteem and equality

  • Kupisch, Tanja; Lloyd-Smith, Anika; Bergmann, Fabian; Yasar, Rusen (2023): Wie Sprache den Status prägt : Ungleichheitserfahrungen von Sam*innen in Norwegen & Schweden In_equality magazin : Das Forschungsmagazin des Exzellenzclusters „The Politics of Inequality“ an der Universität Konstanz. Universität Konstanz. 2023, 5, pp. 12-17. ISSN 2748-5404. eISSN 2748-5420

    Project : “Ethnic policies” – remedy for between-group inequalities?

    Wie Sprache den Status prägt : Ungleichheitserfahrungen von Sam*innen in Norwegen & Schweden

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    Angehörige der samischen Minderheiten in Norwegen und Schweden, die sich mit ihrer indigenen Kultur identifizieren, erfahren Diskriminierung, insbesondere wenn sie die samische Sprache in der Öffentlichkeit verwenden. Dies trifft zwar auf beide Länder zu, aber im Vergleich zeigt sich, dass die jeweilige Minderheitenpolitik das Ausmaß der Ungleichheit beeinflusst. Wenn – wie in Norwegen – mehr in die Förderung der samischen Sprache und Kultur investiert wird, führt dies zu einem höheren Maß an (Selbst-)Wertschätzung und Gleichheit.

  • Bitschnau, Marco; Mußotter, Marlene (2023): When Perception Strikes Back : Testing Popular Agreement with Blank and Schmidt’s Item Categorization Politische Vierteljahresschrift. Springer. 2023, 65(1), pp. 23-47. ISSN 0032-3470. eISSN 1862-2860. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s11615-023-00469-z

    When Perception Strikes Back : Testing Popular Agreement with Blank and Schmidt’s Item Categorization

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    For more than two decades, the work of Blank and Schmidt has greatly influenced empirical research on national attachment. Distinguishing between nationalism, patriotism, and national identity, it rests on a set of item batteries that have since been taken up by numerous researchers. In this contribution, we argue that the categorization of most of these items is inconsistent with the perception of a nonexpert sample and, in some cases, even in direct opposition to it. To substantiate this claim, we present the results of an online survey of German university students ( N  = 424) who were tasked with assigning all items from Blank and Schmidt’s 1997 article to one of the three categories. As hypothesized, the majority of respondents assigned only a few items correctly—so few that their overall agreement with Blank and Schmidt was even lower than what would normally be expected from a random distribution. We also asked about item understandability and found that while some items were considered relatively difficult to understand, there was no obvious correlation between these and the miscategorized ones. Taking this discrepancy between academic and nonacademic concept use into account can further our understanding of national attachment and help us refine existing survey techniques.

  • Was Masterstudiengänge attraktiv macht : Einschätzungen aus Sicht der Studierenden

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    Nach dem Bachelorstudium müssen sich Studierende entscheiden, ob sie ein Masterstudium anschließen oder in den Arbeitsmarkt einsteigen. Welche Gründe sprechen subjektiv für oder gegen ein Masterstudium? Welche Rolle spielt die Bildungsherkunft der Studierenden bei dieser Entscheidung? Welche Merkmale von Masterstudiengängen sprechen Studierende besonders an oder schrecken sie ab? Im Artkel werden ausgewählte Ergebnisse einer bundesweiten Erhebung von Studierenden in Deutschland ("Studierendenbefragung in Deutschland") vorgestellt.

  •   30.04.25  
    Schmid, Sven-Patrick (2023): Individual or collective rights? : Consequences for the satisfaction with democracy among Indigenous peoples in Latin America Democratization. Taylor & Francis. 2023, 30(6), pp. 1113-1134. ISSN 1351-0347. eISSN 1743-890X. Available under: doi: 10.1080/13510347.2023.2213163

    Individual or collective rights? : Consequences for the satisfaction with democracy among Indigenous peoples in Latin America

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    For decades, Indigenous peoples and their movements have fought for the recognition of their rights. Since the multiculturalist turn, these demands are – at least partially – a legal reality in many countries in Latin America. Indigenous group rights can be attributed to individual group members or in a collective way to the group as such. Here, I investigate how these contrasting approaches impact on Indigenous citizens’ satisfaction with democracy. From normative theory, I derive the expectation that incorporating collective Indigenous rights increases satisfaction with democracy, because they address the historical loss of Indigenous sovereignty and open new spaces for the participation of previously marginalized groups. In contrast, the individualization of Indigenous group rights can be seen as a form of assimilation. The empirics show that collective rights increase the satisfaction with democracy among Indigenous peoples – and among the wider public. Thus, recognizing collective minority rights does not seem to stir division but sends a message that democracy is working well.

  • Holzer, Boris (2023): Immun gegen Expertise Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung. 28. Mai 2023, No. 21, pp. 56

    Immun gegen Expertise

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    dc.title:

  •   31.07.24  
    Bischof, Daniel; Kurer, Thomas (2023): Place-Based Campaigning : The Political Impact of Real Grassroots Mobilization The Journal of Politics. University of Chicago Press. 2023, 85(3), pp. 984-1002. ISSN 0022-3816. eISSN 1468-2508. Available under: doi: 10.1086/723985

    Place-Based Campaigning : The Political Impact of Real Grassroots Mobilization

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    Generations of research have incrementally identified the circumstances under which electoral campaigns matter. Direct interpersonal contact within local networks is commonly seen as conducive to campaign impact, but empirical evidence is scarce because of demanding data requirements. We advance the literature by studying the Movimento Cinque Stelle (M5S), an important challenger party in Italy, which followed the unusual practice of coordinating political activities on a public online platform. We web scraped the entire history of the movement’s more than 1,000 local branches with over 200,000 geocoded political activities, to study the effect and mechanisms of their no campaign in the 2016 constitutional referendum. Relying on regression, matching, and instrumental variable models, we demonstrate that local M5S mobilization had substantial campaign effects. Our results have important implications, as they highlight the effectiveness of locally rooted campaigns and the particular potency of place-based political mobilization.

  • Häusermann, Silja; Kurer, Thomas; Zollinger, Delia (2023): Aspiration Versus Apprehension : Economic Opportunities and Electoral Preferences British Journal of Political Science. Cambridge University Press. 2023, 53(4), pp. 1230-1251. ISSN 0007-1234. eISSN 1469-2112. Available under: doi: 10.1017/s0007123423000145

    Aspiration Versus Apprehension : Economic Opportunities and Electoral Preferences

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    Recent studies take increasingly refined views of how socioeconomic conditions influence political behaviour. We add to this literature by exploring how voters' prospective evaluations of long-term economic and social opportunities relate to electoral contestation versus the stabilization of the political-economic system underpinning the knowledge society. Using survey data from eight West European countries, we show that positive prospects are associated with higher support for mainstream parties (incumbents and opposition) and lower support for radical parties on all levels of material well-being. Our results support the idea that ‘aspirational voters’ with positive evaluations of opportunities (for themselves or their children) represent an important stabilizing force in advanced democratic capitalism. However, we also highlight the importance of radical party support among ‘apprehensive voters’, who are economically secure but perceive a lack of long-term opportunities. To assess the implications of these findings, we discuss the relative importance of these groups across different countries.

  • Holzer, Boris (2023): Pfade der Polarisierung Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung. 7. Mai 2023, No. 18, pp. 56

    Pfade der Polarisierung

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    dc.title:

  • Eick, Gianna Maria; Busemeyer, Marius R. (2023): Migration levels and welfare support : evidence from the local level Journal of European Public Policy. Taylor & Francis. 2023, 30(6). ISSN 1350-1763. eISSN 1466-4429. Available under: doi: 10.1080/13501763.2023.2195440

    Migration levels and welfare support : evidence from the local level

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    Does migration pose a threat to welfare state legitimacy? We address thisprominent question with a multilevel analysis of novel survey data, the ‘Inequality Barometer’, which includes individual and local-level context data in Germany (6208 individuals, up to 401 local districts). Our results suggest that the public is more reluctant to support welfare where the proportion of migrants at the local level is larger. This effect even persists when welfare is directed at groups that are perceived as more deserving of welfare support (like children, sick or older individuals) and when we examine the levels of employed migrants (that pay into the welfare state). We also find that these effects are moderated by economic risk. Particularly, we find that individuals facing higher economic risk support welfare less than their counterparts when exposed to migration. Future research should expand the local-level approach and investigate the causal mechanisms that the welfare-migration nexus is based on in more detail.

  • Maué, Elisabeth; Findeisen, Stefanie; Schumann, Stephan (2023): Development, predictors, and effects of trainees’ organizational identification during their first year of vocational education and training Frontiers in Psychology. Frontiers. 2023, 14, 1148251. eISSN 1664-1078. Available under: doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1148251

    Development, predictors, and effects of trainees’ organizational identification during their first year of vocational education and training

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    The vocational identity of trainees is one component of their professional competence and is considered to be a central goal of vocational education and training (VET) programs. From the numerous identity constructs and conceptualizations, this study focuses on the organizational identification of trainees, that is, the extent to which trainees internalize the values and goals of their training company and perceive themselves as part of this company. We are specifically interested in the development, predictors, and effects of trainees’ organizational identification, as well as the interrelations between organizational identification and social integration. We use longitudinal data of n  = 250 trainees in dual VET programs in Germany at the very beginning of their VET program (t1), after 3 months (t2), and after 9 months (t3). A structural equation model was used to analyze the development, predictors, and effects of organizational identification for the first 9 months of training and the cross-lagged effects between organizational identification and social integration. The results showed a high stability of trainees’ organizational identification over the first 9 months. Regarding the predictors, the results indicated positive direct and indirect effects of the formal socialization tactics implemented by the training company, as well as of support by the trainer at the beginning of the training. However, collegial support at the beginning of the training did not seem to play a significant role in organizational identification. Moreover, organizational identification positively affected trainees’ emotional engagement and self-perceived competence while negatively predicting dropout intentions after 9 months of training. Finally, the cross-lagged effects between organizational identification and social integration were not significant, and only at t3 were these constructs positively correlated. However, regarding the development, predictors, and effects, very similar results were found for organizational identification and social integration. The results underline the positive significance of organizational identification for the individual, the company, and society, even at this early stage of training. The results are discussed regarding both their scientific and practical implications.

  • Holzer, Boris (2023): Gleichheit, die ich meine Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung. 16. Apr. 2023, No. 15, pp. 60

    Gleichheit, die ich meine

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    dc.title:

  • Rinscheid, Adrian; Koos, Sebastian (2023): War and pandemic do not jeopardize Germans’ willingness to support climate measures Communications Earth & Environment. Springer. 2023, 4(1), 101. eISSN 2662-4435. Available under: doi: 10.1038/s43247-023-00755-z

    War and pandemic do not jeopardize Germans’ willingness to support climate measures

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    How do the impacts of acute crises influence citizens’ willingness to support different types of climate measures? An acute crisis can be understood either as an impediment or as an opportunity for climate change mitigation. In the first perspective, crisis impacts would create negative spill-overs and dampen citizens’ willingness to support climate action, while in the second perspective, the opposite would occur. Based on a survey experiment fielded in Germany in 2022 ( n  = 5438), we find that the economic implications of the Russo-Ukrainian War do not decrease behavioral willingness, while restrictions of civil liberties to combat the COVID-19 pandemic lead to higher climate support, underpinning the crisis-as-opportunity perspective. Willingness to support climate measures is strongest among (1) those most concerned about climate change, and (2) those who trust the government. We conclude that individuals do not wish climate change mitigation to be deprioritized on the back of other crises.

  • Sen, Indira; Ulloa, Roberto; Urman, Aleksandra; Makhortykh, Mykola; Kacperski, Celina (2023): Refugee or Expat, Hero or Threat : Migrant Queries in Google News Search Results 2022: AoIR2022 : Selected Papers in Internet Research 2022 : Research from the Annual Conference of the Association of Internet Researchers. Illinois: University of Illinois Libraries, 2023. eISSN 2162-3317. Available under: doi: 10.5210/spir.v2022i0.13085

    Refugee or Expat, Hero or Threat : Migrant Queries in Google News Search Results

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    Search engines play a gatekeeper role in current high-choice information environments. Considered a form of new media, users are still more likely to find and trust news found through search than social media sites. Indeed, search engines are one of the most utilised technologies to find political information, despite audits uncovering biases in their results, for example, towards national outlets over local ones. It is therefore important to keep in mind the potential of search results to affect public opinion. With this study, we investigate how Google search news headlines and snippets differ when varying migrant search terms (e.g., immigrant, refugee, expat). We employ computational text analysis methods as well as qualitative content analysis. Specifically, we employ an automated framework for detecting media frames, originally trained on Twitter data, and attempt to transfer it to news data; this framework allows for a categorization of data to frames of a generic-issue (economy, safety, health) and specific (hero:diversity, threat:jobs) nature. We evaluate its applicability for this novel data source and find that it performs well for frames related economy and security. Our next steps include analysing the results of other computational measures, namely, sentiment, agency and political outlet of the news item. We expect that sentiment and agency will complement the initial results we see based on media frames.

  • Lauterbach, Ann Sophie; Kunze, Florian (2023): A Quasi-Experimental Exploration of Activity-Based Flexible Office Design and Demographic Differences in Employee Absenteeism Environment and Behavior. Sage. 2023, 55(1-2), pp. 47-73. ISSN 0013-9165. eISSN 1552-390X. Available under: doi: 10.1177/00139165231163549

    A Quasi-Experimental Exploration of Activity-Based Flexible Office Design and Demographic Differences in Employee Absenteeism

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    This study examines whether transitioning from cellular offices to an activity-based flexible office (A-FO) impacts employee absenteeism over time. Based on privacy theory, we hypothesized that changing from cell offices to an A-FO setting would lead to increased employee absenteeism. We further assumed that longer-tenured and female employees would experience greater difficulty with the transition, leading to more absenteeism among these groups. Using a sample of 2,017 white-collar workers tracked over 8 years, we quasi-experimentally investigated if absenteeism in the group with the office design intervention (1,035 individuals) differed from the control group (982 individuals). In the difference-in-difference (DiD) framework, nested negative binomial regression showed no difference in absenteeism between the intervention and control groups. However, a three-way interaction revealed that long-term employees showed higher absenteeism when switching to an A-FO. We discuss our contributions and the implications for corporate leadership, human resources, and change management.

  • Bellani, Luna; Fazio, Andrea; Scervini, Francesco (2023): Collective Negative Shocks and Preferences for Redistribution : Evidence from the COVID-19 Crisis in Germany Journal of Economic Inequality. Springer. 2023, 21(2), pp. 381-403. ISSN 1569-1721. eISSN 1573-8701. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s10888-022-09558-2

    Collective Negative Shocks and Preferences for Redistribution : Evidence from the COVID-19 Crisis in Germany

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    Using new data from a three-wave panel survey administered in Germany between May 2020 and May 2021, this paper studies the impact of a negative shock affecting all strata of the population, such as the development of COVID-19, on preferences for redistribution. Exploiting the plausibly exogenous change in the severity of the infection rate at the county level, we show that, contrary to some theoretical expectations, the worse the crisis, the less our respondents expressed support for redistribution. We provide further evidence that this is not driven by a decrease in inequality aversion but might be driven by the individuals’ level of trust.

  • Leuffen, Dirk; Mounchid, Pascal; Heermann, Max; Koos, Sebastian (2023): Mobilizing domestic support for international vaccine solidarity : recommendations for health crisis communication npj Vaccines. Springer. 2023, 8(1), 28. eISSN 2059-0105. Available under: doi: 10.1038/s41541-023-00625-x

    Mobilizing domestic support for international vaccine solidarity : recommendations for health crisis communication

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    dc.title:

  • Why Language Matters : Inequality Perceptions among the Sámi in Sweden and Norway

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    Every two weeks, one of the world’s estimated 7,000 languages dies. Yet what are the consequences of having to give up one’s native language? Speakers of minority languages worldwide face barriers to using their languages outside their homes, often with negative consequences for educational and economic success. A new survey of the Indigenous Sámi in Sweden and Norway suggests that language policies are key to perceptions of inequality. Speakers of the Sámi languages have lower perceptions of their societal standing than Sámi who have given up the language. Combined with insights from an in-depth study on Sámi language education, our findings suggest that policies should facilitate language maintenance in linguistic minorities. Supporting these languages may help to reduce feelings of discrimination.

  • Holzer, Boris (2023): Effektive Vetternwirtschaft Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung. 5. Feb. 2023, No. 5, pp. 56

    Effektive Vetternwirtschaft

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    dc.title:

  • Cêtre, Sophie; Lobeck, Max (2023): Principal’s distributive preferences and the incentivization of agents Experimental Economics. Springer. 2023, 26(3), pp. 646-672. ISSN 1386-4157. eISSN 1573-6938. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s10683-023-09791-0

    Principal’s distributive preferences and the incentivization of agents

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    Do principals' distributive preferences affect the allocation of incentives within firms? We run a Principal-Agent lab experiment, framed as a firm setting. In the experiment, subjects are randomized in the principal or worker position. Principals must choose piece rate wage contracts for two workers that differ in terms of ability. Workers have to choose an effort level that is non-contractible. Principals are either paid in proportion to the output produced (Stakeholder treatment) or paid a fixed wage (Spectator treatment). We study how principals make trade-offs between incentive concerns (motivating workers to maximize output) and their own normative distributive preferences. We find that, despite the firm-frame and the moral hazard situation, principals do hold egalitarian concerns, as principals are on average willing to trade off their firm's performance (and so their own income) for more wage equality among their workers. The willingness to reduce inequality among workers is sensitive to both extensive and intensive margin incentives, which shows that principals' choices are shaped by incentives that they face themselves.

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