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  • Leuffen, Dirk; Schüssler, Julian; Gómez Díaz, Jana (2022): Public support for differentiated integration : individual liberal values and concerns about member state discrimination Journal of European Public Policy. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. 2022, 29(2), pp. 218-237. ISSN 1350-1763. eISSN 1466-4429. Available under: doi: 10.1080/13501763.2020.1829005

    Project : EU3D: EU Differentation, Dominance and Democracy

    Public support for differentiated integration : individual liberal values and concerns about member state discrimination

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    Research on differentiated integration (DI) in the European Union has burgeoned in recent years. However, we still know little about citizens’ attitudes towards the phenomenon. In this article, we argue that at the level of individual citizens, liberal economic values increase support for DI. Stronger preferences for equality, in contrast, make opposition to the concept more likely. Similarly, concerns about discriminatory differentiation at the member state level lead citizens to oppose DI. We test the theoretical claims by analysing survey data on citizens’ attitudes towards a ‘multi-speed Europe’. Supporters of DI, indeed, are marked by liberal economic attitudes. In contrast to general EU support, we do not find robust correlations with socio-demographic variables. Moreover, the data reveal striking differences amongst macro-regions: support for DI has become much lower in Southern European states. We attribute this opposition to negative repercussions of the Eurozone crisis.

  • Köller, Olaf; Thiel, Felicitas; van Ackeren, Isabell; Anders, Yvonne; Becker-Mrotzek, Michael; Cress, Ulrike; Diehl, Claudia; Kleickmann, Thilo; Lütje-Klose, Birgit; Prediger, Susanne (2022): Unterstützung geflüchteter Kinder und Jugendlicher aus der Ukraine durch rasche Integration in Kitas und Schulen : Stellungnahme der Ständigen Wissenschaftlichen Kommission der Kultusministerkonferenz (SWK)

    Unterstützung geflüchteter Kinder und Jugendlicher aus der Ukraine durch rasche Integration in Kitas und Schulen : Stellungnahme der Ständigen Wissenschaftlichen Kommission der Kultusministerkonferenz (SWK)

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    Eine wachsende Zahl von Kindern und Jugendlichen sucht seit dem 24.02.2022 mit ihren Müttern Schutz in Deutschland vor dem Angriffskrieg in der Ukraine. Das Uno-Flüchtlingshilfswerk (UNHCR) geht von mehr als zehn Millionen Menschen in der Ukraine aus, die bereits auf der Flucht sind. 3,7 Millionen Menschen haben die Ukraine seit Kriegsbeginn bereits verlassen (Stand: 24.03.2022). Die Ständige Wissenschaftliche Kommission der Kultusministerkonferenz (SWK) gibt in dieser Stellungnahme Empfehlungen zur Unterstützung von Kindern und Jugendlichen aus der Ukraine. (DIPF/Orig.)

  • Köller, Olaf; Thiel, Felicitas; van Ackeren, Isabell; Anders, Yvonne; Becker-Mrotzek, Michael; Cress, Ulrike; Diehl, Claudia; Kleickmann, Thilo; Lütje-Klose, Birgit; Prediger, Susanne (2022): Basale Kompetenzen vermitteln - Bildungschancen sichern : Perspektiven für die Grundschule : Gutachten der Ständigen Wissenschaftlichen Kommission der Kultusministerkonferenz (SWK)

    Basale Kompetenzen vermitteln - Bildungschancen sichern : Perspektiven für die Grundschule : Gutachten der Ständigen Wissenschaftlichen Kommission der Kultusministerkonferenz (SWK)

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    dc.contributor.author: Köller, Olaf; Thiel, Felicitas; van Ackeren, Isabell; Anders, Yvonne; Becker-Mrotzek, Michael; Cress, Ulrike; Kleickmann, Thilo; Lütje-Klose, Birgit; Prediger, Susanne

  • Yu, Qi (2022): “Again, Dozens of Refugees Drowned” : A Computational Study of Political Framing Evoked by Presuppositions The 2022 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies : Proceedings of the Student Research Workshop. Stroudsburg, PA: ACL, 2022, pp. 31-43. ISBN 978-1-955917-73-5. Available under: doi: 10.18653/v1/2022.naacl-srw.5

    “Again, Dozens of Refugees Drowned” : A Computational Study of Political Framing Evoked by Presuppositions

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    Earlier NLP studies on framing in political discourse have focused heavily on shallow classification of issue framing, while framing effect arising from pragmatic cues remains neglected. We put forward this latter type of framing as “pragmatic framing”. To bridge this gap, we take presupposition-triggering adverbs such as ‘again’ as a study case, and quantitatively investigate how different German newspapers use them to covertly evoke different attitudinal subtexts in their report on the event “European Refugee Crisis” (2014-2018). Our study demonstrates the crucial role of presuppositions in framing, and emphasizes the necessity of more attention on pragmatic framing in the research of automated framing detection.

  • Hautli-Janisz, Annette; Budzynska, Katarzyna; McKillop, Conor; Plüss, Brian; Gold, Valentin; Reed, Chris (2022): Questions in argumentative dialogue Journal of Pragmatics. Elsevier. 2022, 188, pp. 56-79. ISSN 0378-2166. eISSN 1879-1387. Available under: doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2021.10.029

    Questions in argumentative dialogue

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    Despite questions having a long-standing history in theoretical linguistics, the interface between empirically grounded corpus linguistics of questioning behaviour and analytically driven pragmatic theory of question structure and context has received significantly less attention. This paper aims to contribute to this field of research by showing that a four-way categorisation into question types, namely, pure questioning, assertive questioning, rhetorical questioning and challenge questioning, allows us to capture and represent questions in over two million words in natural language argumentative dialogue. In this type of dialogue questioning has been claimed to serve as the engine that drives the shape and development of a discourse. Our investigation covers three genres of argumentative discourse in which questions play a key role, namely political debates, moral dilemmas and sessions of participatory deliberative democracy. Through deep algorithmic analysis of the data, we test a variety of hypotheses from argumentation and linguistic theory, clearly demonstrating for the first time that (particular types of) questions directly catalyse argument structure and that the illocutionary consequences of non-canonical questions are much more varied than previously thought.

  • Froese, Judith; Thym, Daniel (Eds.) (2022): Grundgesetz und Rassismus

    Grundgesetz und Rassismus

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  • Cluster of Excellence “The Politics of Inequality” (Eds.) (2022): Global Perspectives on Inequality

    Global Perspectives on Inequality

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    dc.contributor.editor: Cluster of Excellence “The Politics of Inequality”

  • Siskou, Wassiliki; Giralt Mirón, Clara; Molina Raith, Sara; Butt, Miriam (2022): Automatized Detection and Annotation for Calls to Action in Latin-American Social Media Postings Proceedings of the 6th Joint SIGHUM Workshop on Computational Linguistics for Cultural Heritage, Social Sciences, Humanities and Literature. International Conference on Computational Linguistics, 2022, pp. 65-69. ISSN 2951-2093

    Automatized Detection and Annotation for Calls to Action in Latin-American Social Media Postings

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    Voter mobilization via social media has shown to be an effective tool. While previous research has primarily looked at how calls-to-action (CTAs) were used in Twitter messages from non-profit organizations and protest mobilization, we are interested in identifying the linguistic cues used in CTAs found on Facebook and Twitter for an automatic identification of CTAs. The work is part of an on-going collaboration with researchers from political science, who are investigating CTAs in the period leading up to recent elections in three different Latin American countries. We developed a new NLP pipeline for Spanish to facilitate their work. Our pipeline annotates social media posts with a range of linguistic information and then conducts targeted searches for linguistic cues that allow for an automatic annotation and identification of relevant CTAs. By using carefully crafted and linguistically informed heuristics, our system so far achieves an F1-score of 0.72.

  • Horn, Alexander; van Kersbergen, Kees (2022): Legacies of Universalism : Origins and Persistence of the Broad Political Support for Inclusive Social Investment in Scandinavia GARRITZMANN, Julian L., ed., Silja HÄUSERMANN, ed., Bruno PALIER, ed.. The World Politics of Social Investment. Volume II: The Politics of Varying Social Investment Strategies. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2022, pp. 37-58. ISBN 978-0-19-760145-7. Available under: doi: 10.1093/oso/9780197601457.003.0002

    Legacies of Universalism : Origins and Persistence of the Broad Political Support for Inclusive Social Investment in Scandinavia

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    The Scandinavian welfare states stand out when it comes to future-oriented social investment policies and the associated social and economic performance (e.g., human capital formation, equality, inclusive growth). This chapter first explains how the inclusive social investment approach in Scandinavia came about. In the second part, it asks, is Scandinavia able to politically maintain this historical path and uphold its widely praised qualities and inclusive social investment approach? To answer this question, the authors offer an overview of the political conditions under which social investment had emerged as a political and policy paradigm and how this policy legacy structures the contemporary politics of social investment. Universalism/inclusiveness and social investment are two components of the same political-normative sequence that has generated unusually broad cross-class and cross-gender support for the social investment state. An empirical analysis of party manifestos shows that the different parts of the entire political spectrum are connected to form an unusually broad support structure for universalism and social investment. The authors assess if this coalition can be upheld and adjusted so as to be able to cope with new political challenges.

  • Jenseits von Fakten und Argumenten : Wie Mehrheitsgesellschaft und „Querdenker“-Bewegung Medieninhalte wahrnehmen

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    Menschen glauben gern, was ihre bereits bestehende Meinung bestätigt. Dieses Phänomen ist in der Kognitionspsychologie unter dem Begriff „confirmation bias“ bekannt. Kann es auch die zunehmende Polarisierung zwischen Mehrheitsgesellschaft und „Querdenkern“ während der Coronapandemie erklären? Wir haben dazu die Wahrnehmung von Medieninhalten untersucht. Hier beleuchten wir, inwieweit sich die beiden Gruppen in ihrer Wahrnehmung von Medieninhalten unterscheiden: Welche Rolle spielt jeweils das „confirmation bias“, und welche die Qualität der Information? Abschließend diskutieren wir, was aus unserer Forschung für die Kommunikation von wissenschaftlichen und politischen Inhalten folgt.

  • Bettecken, Julia; Kelle, Friederike Luise; Schneider, Gerald (2022): Les effets de confiance et de désaveu sur les acteurs politiques MAGNI-BERTON, Raul, ed., Laurence MOREL, ed.. Démocraties Directes. 1re édition. Bruxelles: Bruylant, 2022, pp. 301-311. ISBN 978-2-8027-7215-6

    Les effets de confiance et de désaveu sur les acteurs politiques

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    This chapter introduces two concepts – brinkmanship and backsliding – to explain why integration referendums are frequently successful and why the unsuccessful ones have seldom had consequences for the incumbent leader. We argue that governments typically engage strongly in referendum campaigns, profiting from institutional advantages and the possibility to link their political fate to the outcome of the vote (brinkmanship). What is more, a bad economic situation seems to lower the chances of a positive vote, that is a vote in favor of the government stance or further integration steps. The EU’s growing influence over economic policy could account for this relationship. If the responsibility for the economic distress was attributed to the EU, this shift in responsibility from the national to the supranational level would also explain why governments who lose referendums do not systematically resign or perform badly at the next election. Finally, those governments who are defeated at the ballot box, often engage into diversionary strategy by distancing themselves from their campaign (backsliding). The chapter offers some anecdotal and statistical evidence in support of these behavioral patterns

  • Collective Negative Shocks and Preferences for Redistribution : Evidence from the COVID-19 crisis in Germany

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    Using new data from a three-wave panel survey administered in Germany between May 2020 and May 2021, this paper studies the impact of a negative shock affecting every strata of the population, such as the development of COVID-19, on preferences for redistribution. Exploiting the plausibly exogenous change in severity of the infection rate at the county level, we show that, contrary to some theoretical expectations, the worse the crisis, the lower the support for redistribution of our respondents. We provide further suggestive evidence that this is not driven by a decrease in inequality aversion, but this might be the result of a decrease in trust in the institutions who are in charge of redistributive policies.

  • Thym, Daniel (2022): Sina Fontana: Integrationsrecht Juristenzeitung (JZ). Mohr Siebeck. 2022, 77(23), pp. 1162-1163. ISSN 0022-6882. eISSN 1868-7067. Available under: doi: 10.1628/jz-2022-0367

    Sina Fontana: Integrationsrecht

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  • Here, there, everywhere : the gender gap at European Union Politics

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    The gender gap pervades almost all aspects of the academic world. Drawing on a recent co-authored study, Julia Bettecken and Gerald Schneider show the imbalance is also present at the journal European Union Politics (EUP). The gap at EUP manifests itself not only in the underrepresentation of females as editors, authors, or reviewers, but also in their correspondence with the editorial office.

  • Thym, Daniel (2022): The Evolution of Citizens' Rights in Light of the EU's Constitutional Development KOSTAKOPOULOU, Dora, ed., Daniel THYM, ed.. Research Handbook on European Union Citizenship Law and Policy : Navigating Challenges and Crises. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2022, pp. 49-69. ISBN 978-1-78897-289-5. Available under: doi: 10.4337/9781788972901

    The Evolution of Citizens' Rights in Light of the EU's Constitutional Development

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  • Esoteric Beliefs and Opposition to Corona Restrictions

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    Disagreement over governmental measures against the spread of the Corona virus has led to increased societal division and polarization in many countries worldwide. Scholars typically locate the sources of resistance against these measures on the right of the political spectrum. This article argues that this explanation is too simple. Using fine-grained spatial data for Germany, it tests whether opposition to Corona restrictions (proxied with electoral support for a new party against governmental Corona measures) is systematically linked to esoteric and anthroposophical beliefs, which are traditionally found on the political left. Using new data on the distribution of natural healers, homeopathic doctors and Steiner schools, the article presents spatial analyses at the level of electoral districts and municipalities. The latter makes it possible to create matched samples for improved causal inference. Results confirm that both the presence of homeopathic doctors and Steiner schools are related to significantly higher opposition against Corona measures. This shows that resistance to governmental measures against the Corona pandemic originates from different societal groups, and will remain a major challenge for governments to address.

  • Busemeyer, Marius R.; Kemmerling, Achim; Marx, Paul; van Kersbergen, Kees (Eds.) (2022): Digitalization and the Welfare State

    Digitalization and the Welfare State

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    dc.contributor.editor: Kemmerling, Achim; Marx, Paul; van Kersbergen, Kees

  • Exzellenzcluster „The Politics of Inequality“ (Eds.) (2022): Arbeit ≠ Arbeit

    Arbeit ≠ Arbeit

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    dc.contributor.editor: Exzellenzcluster „The Politics of Inequality“

  • Gallego, Aina; Kurer, Thomas; Scholl, Nikolas Bahati (2022): Neither Left-Behind nor Superstar : Ordinary Winners of Digitalization at the Ballot Box The Journal of Politics. University of Chicago Press. 2022, 84(1), pp. 418-436. ISSN 0022-3816. eISSN 1468-2508. Available under: doi: 10.1086/714920

    Neither Left-Behind nor Superstar : Ordinary Winners of Digitalization at the Ballot Box

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    The nascent literature on the political consequences of technological change studies either left-behind voters or successful technology entrepreneurs ("superstars"). However, it neglects the large share of skilled workers who bene t from limited but steady economic improvements in the knowledge economy. This paper examines how workplace digitalization a ects political preferences among the entire active labor force by combining individual-level panel data from the United Kingdom with industry-level data on ICT capital stocks between 1997-2017. We rst demonstrate that digitalization was economically bene cial for workers with middle and high levels of education. We then show that growth in digitalization increased support for the Conservative Party, the incumbent party, and voter turnout among bene ciaries of economic change. Our results hold in an instrumental variable analysis and multiple robustness checks. While digitalization undoubtedly produces losers (along with some superstars), ordinary winners of digitalization are an important stabilizing force content with the political status quo.

  • Spilker, Gabriele; Nguyen, Quynh; Koubi, Vally; Böhmelt, Tobias (2022): Klimawandel, Migration und Proteste : eine Analyse am Fallbeispiel Kenias SIEVERS, Wiebke, ed. and others. Jenseits der Migrantologie : aktuelle Herausforderungen und neue Perspektiven der Migrationsforschung. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 2022, pp. 83-100. Jahrbuch Migrationsforschung. 6. ISBN 978-3-7001-9049-3

    Klimawandel, Migration und Proteste : eine Analyse am Fallbeispiel Kenias

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    Die Migrationsforschung hat sich lange hauptsächlich damit befasst, aus der Perspektive der Mehrheitsgesellschaften Migrant*innen aus unterschiedlichen Herkunftsgesellschaften zu beforschen. Diese Ansätze sind inzwischen als "Migrantologie" in Kritik geraten. Insbesondere wird beanstandet, dass sie Migrant*innen in ihrem Herkunftsland verorten und nicht in dem Land, in dem sie leben. Damit schreiben sie nationale Grenzen fort, die gerade aufgrund der gesellschaftlichen Realität von grenzüberschreitender Mobilität und Migration als überkommen gelten müssen. Gleichzeitig wurden in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten neue Ansätze entworfen, die Migration zum Ausgangspunkt nehmen, um globale Ungleichheit und nationale Grenzziehungen gegenüber Migrant*innen zu thematisieren. In dieser neuen Forschungstradition steht auch der vorliegende Band. Dessen Ziel ist dabei weniger, den vielen Neuansätzen, die in den vergangenen Jahren in der Migrationsforschung entstanden sind, weitere hinzuzufügen. Vielmehr illustrieren die meisten Beiträge, wie sich die vielfältigen theoretischen und methodologischen Konzepte in konkrete empirische Forschung übersetzen lassen. In den Vordergrund treten damit globale Herausforderungen wie der Klimawandel, die gesellschaftlichen Debatten über Migration, der Umgang mit gesellschaftlicher Diversität in Schule, Verwaltung und Arbeitswelt sowie die Verhandlungen von Zugehörigkeiten in Migrationsgesellschaften, die von Rassismus und Ausgrenzung geprägt sind.

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