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  • Holzer, Boris (2020): Das große Maskenspiel Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung. 13. Dez. 2020, No. 50, pp. 68

    Das große Maskenspiel

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  • Koch, Caleb M.; Moise, Izabela; Helbing, Dirk; Donnay, Karsten (2020): Public debate in the media matters : evidence from the European refugee crisis EPJ Data Science. SpringerOpen. 2020, 9, 12. eISSN 2193-1127. Available under: doi: 10.1140/epjds/s13688-020-00229-8

    Public debate in the media matters : evidence from the European refugee crisis

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    In this paper, we take a novel approach to study the empirical relationship between public debate in the media and asylum acceptance rates in Europe from 2002–2016. In theory, an asylum seeker should experience the same likelihood of being granted refugee status from each of the 20 European countries we study. Yet, in practice, acceptance rates vary widely for nearly every asylum country of origin. We address this inconsistency with a data-driven approach by analyzing refugee-related news articles and data on asylum decisions across 20 Europe countries for more than 100 asylum seekers’ countries of origin. We find that: (i) public debate sentiment in the media is strongly associated with European countries’ diverging asylum practices, much more so than social, cultural or economic factors, and (ii) by combining different measures of public debate we can make out-of-sample predictions within 3% of true acceptance rates (on average). We conclude by discussing the practical implications of our findings for European asylum practices.

  • Abrassart, Aurélien; Busemeyer, Marius R.; Cattaneo, Maria A.; Wolter, Stefan C. (2020): Do adult foreign residents prefer academic to vocational education? : Evidence from a survey of public opinion in Switzerland Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. 2020, 46(15), pp. 3314-3334. ISSN 1369-183X. eISSN 1469-9451. Available under: doi: 10.1080/1369183X.2018.1517595

    Do adult foreign residents prefer academic to vocational education? : Evidence from a survey of public opinion in Switzerland

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    Using a unique and original dataset measuring preferences of adults for academic vs. vocational education in Switzerland, we explore differences between Swiss citizens and foreign residents regarding individual preferences for these different types of education. We find that first-generation foreigners exhibit stronger preferences for academic education, whereas the preferences of second-generation foreigners do not significantly differ from those of Swiss citizens. Further, variation across subgroups of foreigners based on their nationality indicates that cultural aspects matter to a certain extent as less well-integrated ethnic groups express stronger preferences for academic education and are also less likely to value the labour market outcomes of vocational education. Interestingly, the presence of a well-established VET system in the country of origin does not appear to strengthen preferences for vocational education in Switzerland. This might be related to less positive labour market outcomes for VET graduates’ countries of origin.

  • Holzer, Boris (2020): Ideologische Gräben, die so nicht existieren Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung. 15. Nov. 2020, No. 46, pp. 64

    Ideologische Gräben, die so nicht existieren

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  • Manatschal, Anita; Wisthaler, Verena; Zuber, Christina Isabel (2020): Making regional citizens? : The political drivers and effects of subnational immigrant integration policies in Europe and North America Regional Studies. Routledge, Taylor & Francis. 2020, 54(11), pp. 1475-1485. ISSN 0034-3404. eISSN 1360-0591. Available under: doi: 10.1080/00343404.2020.1808882

    Making regional citizens? : The political drivers and effects of subnational immigrant integration policies in Europe and North America

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    dc.contributor.author: Manatschal, Anita; Wisthaler, Verena

  • Holzer, Boris (2020): Änderung durch Aussterben Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung. 25. Okt. 2020, No. 43, pp. 60

    Änderung durch Aussterben

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  • Holzer, Boris (2020): Die kleine Welt der Pandemie STEGBAUER, Christian, ed., Iris CLEMENS, ed.. Corona-Netzwerke : Gesellschaft im Zeichen des Virus. Wiesbaden: Springer, 2020, pp. 27-34. ISBN 978-3-658-31393-7. Available under: doi: 10.1007/978-3-658-31394-4_3

    Die kleine Welt der Pandemie

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    Der Verlauf der Covid-19-Pandemie hat die Nebenfolgen intensiver weltweiter Verflechtung vor Augen geführt. In kurzer Zeit verbreitete sich – nach bisherigem Kenntnisstand – ausgehend von der chinesischen Provinz Hubei das SARS-CoV-2-Virus in der Region und bald darauf in der ganzen Welt. Die Ansteckung erfolgt über Kontakte zwischen Personen und damit (auch) über soziale Netzwerke.

  • Hachfeld, Axinja; Wieduwilt, Nadine (2020): Qualifizierung von frühpädagogischen Fachkräften im Kontext von Mehrsprachigkeit GOGOLIN, Ingrid, ed. and others. Handbuch Mehrsprachigkeit und Bildung. Wiesbaden: Springer VS, 2020, pp. 281-285. ISBN 978-3-658-20284-2. Available under: doi: 10.1007/978-3-658-20285-9_41

    Qualifizierung von frühpädagogischen Fachkräften im Kontext von Mehrsprachigkeit

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    Wenngleich die Relevanz von Sprachförderung als elementarer Bestandteil frühkindlicher Bildung und Erziehung allgemein anerkannt ist, herrscht sowohl in der Praxis als auch in der Forschung Uneinigkeit darüber, inwiefern eine sprachliche Förderung mehrsprachiger Kinder mit dem konkreten Einbezug der Erstsprachen einhergehen sollte. Während Reich (2008) überrascht auf die Deutlichkeit hinweist, mit der sich seines Erachtens nach der „differenzierte Umgang mit Sprachenvielfalt“ in den Bildungsplänen der Länder ausdrückt, kommt Panagiotopoulou (2016) zu dem Schluss, dass der darin definierte Auftrag zur Sprachbildung in der Praxis vorrangig als Auftrag zur kompensatorischen Sprachförderung im Deutschen für mehrsprachig aufwachsende Kinder gedeutet wird. Diesbezüglich interessant ist der in den letzten Jahren vollzogene Wandel im Bereich der Sprachförderung von additiven Deutschförderprogrammen zu alltagsintegrierten Sprachförderansätzen.

  • Krauser, Mario; Schneider, Gerald; Wegenast, Tim (2020): Moving from Norms Rhetorics to Norms Empirics : A Rejoinder to ‚Local Gender Norms : Persistence or Change?‘ by Clara Neupert-Wentz Zeitschrift für Friedens- und Konfliktforschung. Springer VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. 2020, 9(2), pp. 455-462. ISSN 2192-1741. eISSN 2524-6976. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s42597-020-00030-4

    Project : Resourcenmanagement und Innerstaatliche Konflikte

    Moving from Norms Rhetorics to Norms Empirics : A Rejoinder to ‚Local Gender Norms : Persistence or Change?‘ by Clara Neupert-Wentz

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  • Fernandez-Urbano, Roger; Kulic, Nevena (2020): Requiem for a Dream : Perceived Economic Conditions and Subjective Well-Being in Times of Prosperity and Economic Crisis Social Indicators Research. Springer. 2020, 151(3), pp. 793-813. ISSN 0303-8300. eISSN 1573-0921. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s11205-020-02404-w

    Requiem for a Dream : Perceived Economic Conditions and Subjective Well-Being in Times of Prosperity and Economic Crisis

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    Using the Panel of Social Inequalities in Catalonia, Spain (PaD 2001–2012), this article investigates the relationship between perceptions of economic conditions and subjective well-being in times of prosperity and economic crisis. It also analyses how this relationship plays out across different social backgrounds. Periods of economic crisis and prosperity serve as a proxy for objective macroeconomic conditions. The Spanish region of Catalonia is a relevant setting because it faced one of the highest increases in inequality and unemployment in Europe as a result of the 2008 Economic Crisis. Our results show that perceived economic conditions matter beyond objective micro and macroeconomic realm and become a strong determinant of subjective well-being during a crisis, particularly for the middle class. However, contrary to our initial expectations, our results also show the existence of a close correlation between perceptions of economic conditions and subjective well-being for low social background individuals in times of economic prosperity, and an even stronger relationship in times of economic crisis. The article stipulates several potential explanations for these results.

  • A Loud but Noisy Signal? : Public Opinion and Education Reform in Western Europe

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  • Holzer, Boris (2020): Exzellente Salami Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung. 6. Sept. 2020, No. 36, pp. 60

    Exzellente Salami

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  • Busemeyer, Marius R.; Goerres, Achim (2020): Policy feedback in the local context : analysing fairness perceptions of public childcare fees in a German town Journal of Public Policy. Cambridge University Press (CUP). 2020, 40(3), pp. 513-533. ISSN 0143-814X. eISSN 1469-7815. Available under: doi: 10.1017/S0143814X18000491

    Policy feedback in the local context : analysing fairness perceptions of public childcare fees in a German town

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    This article studies local processes of policy feedback by analysing citizens’ fairness perceptions of public childcare fees in a German town. Employing an experimental vignette study, we uncover complex feedback effects: first, citizens in the study regard a fee level as fair that is close to the actual fee level in the city, suggesting self-reinforcing feedback effects. Second, citizens strongly support a fee structure in which fees vary according to parental income. As this preferred fee structure differs from the local fee structure in the town itself, we interpret the citizens’ preference as evidence for self-undermining policy feedback. Finally, the actual characteristics of the respondents matter less than the fictitious characteristics of the parents in the vignettes, which points to the importance of interpretive rather than resource-based feedback effects. In concluding, we highlight the relevance of these findings for broader debates about policy feedback.

  • Wegenast, Tim; Khanna, Arpita Asha; Schneider, Gerald (2020): The Micro-Foundations of the Resource Curse : Mineral Ownership and Local Economic Well-Being in Sub-Saharan Africa International Studies Quarterly. Oxford University Press. 2020, 64(3), pp. 530-543. ISSN 0020-8833. eISSN 1468-2478. Available under: doi: 10.1093/isq/sqaa033

    Project : Resourcenmanagement und Innerstaatliche Konflikte

    The Micro-Foundations of the Resource Curse : Mineral Ownership and Local Economic Well-Being in Sub-Saharan Africa

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    The quantitative evidence on whether extractive industries generate economic wealth at the local level is far from conclusive. In line with recent studies highlighting the moderating role of institutions and governance structures in the resource–development nexus, we argue that the effect of mining on local economic well-being is largely driven by different control rights regimes. We claim that domestic mineral production stimulates local income more than internationally controlled extraction, since national mining companies promote more backward economic linkages and have higher incentives to engage in local capacity building. To test our micro-level arguments, we combine information on districts’ economic well-being as well as individual's assessments of their personal economic situation with our own dataset on the control rights of copper, gold, and diamond mines. Relying on these data, we perform district- and individual-level analyses of sub-Saharan Africa covering the period from 1997 to 2015. Our instrumental variable estimations and fixed effects models show that the presence of domestic mining companies is associated with increased local wealth. Multinational firms, by contrast, are linked to increased regional unemployment. They largely fail to promote subnational economic well-being.

  • Keremoglu, Eda; Weidmann, Nils B. (2020): How Dictators Control the Internet : A Review Essay Comparative Political Studies. Sage. 2020, 53(10-11), pp. 1690-1703. ISSN 0010-4140. eISSN 1552-3829. Available under: doi: 10.1177/0010414020912278

    How Dictators Control the Internet : A Review Essay

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    A growing body of research has studied how autocratic regimes interfere with internet communication to contain challenges to their rule. In this review article, we survey the literature and identify the most important directions and challenges for future research. We structure our review along different network layers, each of which provides particular ways of governmental influence and control. While current research has made much progress in understanding individual digital tactics, we argue that there is still a need for theoretical development and empirical progress. First, we need a more comprehensive understanding of how particular tactics fit into an overall digital strategy, but also how they interact with traditional, “offline” means of autocratic politics, such as cooptation or repression. Second, we discuss a number of challenges that empirical research needs to address, such as the effectiveness of digital tactics, the problem of attribution, and the tool dependence of existing research.

  • Kulic, Nevena; Minello, Alessandra; Zella, Sara (2020): Manage Your Money, Be Satisfied? : Money Management Practices and Financial Satisfaction of Couples Through the Lens of Gender Journal of Family Issues. Sage Publications. 2020, 41(9), pp. 1420-1446. ISSN 0192-513X. eISSN 1552-5481. Available under: doi: 10.1177/0192513X19891463

    Manage Your Money, Be Satisfied? : Money Management Practices and Financial Satisfaction of Couples Through the Lens of Gender

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    There is a difference between who brings in income, who spends and manages money, and who finally benefits. All these aspects are important in determining how satisfied spouses are with their individual financial situation. Relying on Swiss Household Panel (SHP) data from 2004 to 2013 (N = 1,810 couples), this assumption is tested by analyzing how women’s relative income and the management of economic resources within couples affect women’s and men’s financial satisfaction in the household. Results show that a change in the composition of total income in favor of women directly increases their financial satisfaction and net of household income, while men’s financial satisfaction increases up to the point at which women earn more than one third of the total income. Money management regimes serve as an important additional tool in creating and compensating for (dis) advantage between partners. The results are discussed in the context of traditional gender norms in the Swiss Society.

  • el-Wakil, Alice (2020): Supporting Deliberative Systems with Referendums and Initiatives Journal of Deliberative Democracy. University of Westminster Press. 2020, 16(1), pp. 37-45. eISSN 2634-0488. Available under: doi: 10.16997/jdd.403

    Supporting Deliberative Systems with Referendums and Initiatives

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    Referendums and initiatives have long been described as deliberatively deficient and unfit to implement deliberative democracy. Categorized as aggregative mechanisms, they would undermine quality deliberation by setting predefined policy options to potentially polarizing mass votes, with no room for face-to-face exchange nor opportunities for citizens to develop informed judgments. Recent developments in deliberative democratic theory increasingly challenge this view. This article builds on this literature to argue that referendums and initiatives can serve deliberative systems by incentivising representatives to engage in recursive representation – namely, conversation-like exchange at the mass level with the represented deemed essential to deliberative systems. They do so by modifying the formal opportunity structure of representative actors, which impacts them in popular vote campaigns – but also over the long term. Acknowledging these long-term effects of systems including referendums and initiatives opens new questions that can guide further research on these processes’ value for deliberative democracy.

  • Breyer, Friedrich; Lorenz, Normann (2020): Wie nachhaltig sind die gesetzliche Kranken- und Pflegeversicherung finanziert? Wirtschaftsdienst. Springer. 2020, 100(8), pp. 591-596. ISSN 0043-6275. eISSN 1613-978X. Available under: doi: 10.1007/s10273-020-2716-1

    Wie nachhaltig sind die gesetzliche Kranken- und Pflegeversicherung finanziert?

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    Sollten die Ausgaben der gesetzlichen Kranken- und der sozialen Pflegeversicherung langfristig stark steigen, werden sowohl die jüngere Generation durch höhere Beiträge als auch die Älteren durch mögliche Leistungseinschränkungen belastet. Auf Grundlage einer neueren nichtparametrischen Schätzung wird eine Simulation der zukünftigen Entwicklung der Beitragssätze in den beiden Zweigen der deutschen Sozialversicherung vorgestellt. Abhängig von verschiedenen Annahmen über das künftige Wachstum des BIP pro Arbeitnehmer ergibt sich dabei ein Gesamtsozialversicherungsbeitragssatz bis 2040 von nahe 50 %. Damit ist die Tragfähigkeit des deutschen Sozialversicherungssystems stark gefährdet.

  • Holzer, Boris; Koos, Sebastian; Stürner, Michael; Wilhelmi, Rüdiger (2020): Transnationale Lieferketten und die Verantwortung multinationaler Unternehmen NAGEL, Melanie, ed., Patrick KENIS, ed., Philip LEIFELD, ed., Hans-Jörg SCHMEDES, ed.. Politische Komplexität, Governance von Innovationen und Policy-Netzwerke : Festschrift für Volker Schneider. Wiesbaden: Springer VS, 2020, pp. 161-168. ISBN 978-3-658-30913-8. Available under: doi: 10.1007/978-3-658-30914-5_19

    Transnationale Lieferketten und die Verantwortung multinationaler Unternehmen

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    Aus der Perspektive nationalstaatlicher Politik erschien die Globalisierung wirtschaftlichen Handelns von Beginn an als ein Prozess, der die vermeintliche „Abgeschlossenheit der einzelnen Nationalitäten“ untergräbt und seine Protagonisten „über die ganze Erdkugel“ jagt (Marx und Engels 1969, S. 465). Wenn man globale ökonomische Vernetzung als De- oder Transnationalisierung und damit als eine Form des „disembedding“ (Dicken 1998) begreift, liegt die Frage nach „Gegenbewegungen“ nahe: Unter diesem Titel werden seit Polanyi (1957) Formen der „(Selbst)Verteidigung der Gesellschaft“ gegen die Expansion der Marktwirtschaft diskutiert. Kritische Beobachter der zeitgenössischen Globalisierung suchen nach Äquivalenten – und werden mal mehr, mal weniger fündig (Birchfield 2005; Burawoy 2014; Silver und Arrighi 2016).

  • 'Deservingness’ and the recovery fund

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